इंग्रजांच्या अधिकाराखालील गुलामगिरीत दीर्घ काळ घालवल्यामुळे आणि मेकॉलेप्रणीत शिक्षणपद्धतीत पुरेसा बुद्धिभेद केला गेल्यामुळे, भारतीयांना आपल्या भाषा ह्या गावंढळ आणि खालच्या दर्जाच्या व इंग्रजी भाषा ही मात्र अत्यंत उच्च दर्जाची भाषा असे वाटते. जगातील सर्व भाषांमध्ये इंग्रजी हीच एकमेव ज्ञानभाषा आहे आणि इंग्रजीशिवाय ज्ञानप्राप्ती शक्यच नाही असे भारतीयांना वाटते. परंतु वस्तुस्थिती अशी आहे की इंग्रजीवर अनावश्यक भर न देता स्वतःच्या भाषेतच शिक्षण घेणार्या देशांनीच भारतापेक्षा कितीतरी अधिक प्रमाणात शिक्षणाचा प्रसार, संशोधन, नोबेल पारितोषिके इत्यादी गोष्टी आणि एकंदरीत सामाजिक प्रगती साधलेली दिसून येते. ह्यासाठी जपान, इस्रायल, कोरिया, चीन, सर्व युरोपीय देश इत्यादींची उदाहरणे पाहता येतील.
|The author says : “Because of the many irregularities, English-speaking children take roughly 10 times longer to learn to read and write than in Finland, Estonia or Korea which have completely regular spelling systems.”|
In various branches of scientific literature, in phonetics, grammar, mathematics, astronomy, medicine, and law, the Indians also achieved notable results. In some of these subjects their attainments are, indeed, far in advance of what was accomplished by the Greeks.
We Europeans, on the other hand, 2500 years later, and in a scientific age, still employ an alphabet which is not only inadequate to represent all the sounds of our languages, but even preserves the random order in which vowels and consonants are jumbled up as they were in the Greek adaptation of the primitive Semitic arrangement of 3000 years ago.
The above are a few quotations from the book ‘A history of Sanskrit Literature’ by Arthur Anthony Macdonell. Some parts of the first introductory chapter, which explains the historical and cultural background of the ancient Indian civilisation, are produced at the link below.
Rutger Kortenhorst, a Sanskrit teacher in John Scottus School in Dublin, Ireland, speaks on the value of teaching Sanskrit to children, based on his own experience with the language.
The educationists, linguists, policymakers and politicians in India too need to go through his speech carefully.
A Pune based environmental consultant for industries, Dr. C. P. Vibhute, has termed the report on Western Ghats by the committee of experts headed by Dr. Madhav Gadgil, as incomplete, erroneous and technically faulty and has demanded that it be scrapped.
Dr. Vibhute has released a Press Note (in Marathi) consisting of 16 objections against the WGEEP Report. Dr. Madhav Gadgil and other members of the panel have prepared a point by point rebuttal of objections raised by Dr. Vibhute.
We present below, English translation of Dr. Vibhute’s objections together with the clarification to each of the points, released by Dr. Madhav Gadgil, on behalf of the WGEEP (Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel), constituted by the Ministry of Environment & Forests’ (MoEF) of the Central Government.
‘पश्चिम-घाट-पर्यावरण-तज्ज्ञ-गटा’च्या अहवालाचा पाठपुरावा करण्यासाठी उचलायची पावले (डॉ० माधवराव गाडगीळ)
‘पश्चिम-घाट-पर्यावरण-तज्ज्ञ-गटाच्या (डॉ० माधवराव गाडगीळ समितीच्या) अहवालाच्या अंमलबजावणीसाठी आपण सरकारला भाग पाडले पाहिजे’ हा लेख प्रसिद्ध करून झाल्यावर आता स्वतः पर्यावरणतज्ज्ञ असलेले आणि पश्चिम-घाट-पर्यावरण-तज्ज्ञ-गटाचे प्रमुख असलेले डॉ० माधवराव गाडगीळ ह्यांनी ह्या अहवालाचा पाठपुरावा करण्यासाठी कशा प्रकारे पावले उचलता येतील ह्याविषयी केलेल्या सूचना आम्ही खालील दुव्यावर प्रसिद्ध करीत आहोत.
Further to the article ‘We must force the Govt for implementation of the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel ‘, we now publish at the link below the follow up action points suggested by Dr. Madhav Gadgil, the Ecology Expert who headed the panel.
पश्चिम-घाट-पर्यावरण-तज्ज्ञ-गटाच्या (डॉ० माधवराव गाडगीळ समितीच्या) अहवालाच्या अंमलबजावणीसाठी आपण सरकारला भाग पाडले पाहिजे.
उद्योगक्षेत्रातील हितसंबंधितांच्या फायद्यासाठी वेळोवेळी पर्यावरणाचा सरळसरळ बळी देणार्या सरकारला आपण आता यापुढे पर्यावरणाच्या हातात हात घालून विकास साधणारे औद्योगिक विकास धोरण स्वीकारण्यास भाग पाडले पाहिजे. जगातील सर्वच प्रगत राष्ट्रे आपल्या पर्यावरणाची काळजी घेऊन आपल्या भावी पिढ्यांना कल्याणकारी ठरेल असेच औद्योगिक धोरण आखतात. तर मग आपल्या देशात तसे का घडू शकत नाही? तसे घडावे म्हणून आपणच सरकारवर दबाव आणायला हवा आणि त्यादृष्टीने एक महत्त्वाचे पाऊल म्हणून पश्चिम-घाट परिसरातील पर्यावरणाच्या रक्षणासाठी आपण डॉ० माधवराव गाडगीळ ह्यांच्या अध्यक्षतेखालील तज्ज्ञसमितीने दिलेल्या अहवाल स्वीकारण्यास व त्याची अंमलबजावणी करण्यास केंद्र सरकारला भाग पाडले पाहिजे. जर का सरकारला ह्या तज्ज्ञसमितीच्या कुठल्याही शिफारशींच्या योग्यायोग्यतेबद्दल शंका असेल तर सरकारने त्याबद्दलची विशिष्ट कारणे व तत्संबंधित वस्तुस्थिती ह्यांच्या आधारे आपले आक्षेप स्पष्टपणे देशाच्या जनतेसमोर मांडावेत.
It’s high time we forced our government that allows blatant destruction of our ecology from time to time for the benefit of the interested parties in the industry, to henceforth follow an ecofriendly industrial development policy. All the developed countries in the world plan their industrial policy that takes care of the ecology to ensure welfare of the future generation of the country. Why can’t we too do the same? We must pressurise the government to adopt just to do that and as the first major step in that direction, we must force the central government to accept and implement the report submitted by the Expert Panel under the chairmanship of Dr. Madhav Gadgil. If the government has any reservations about any of the recommendations of the expert panel, let it put forth before the people of this country, its objections supported by related facts and specific reasons, why they feel the recommendations of the panel are not acceptable to them.
The report revealed that 51.1% students cannot read standard II level text, nearly 73.7% cannot do division while 71.5% cannot do basic subtraction.
The learning curves of reading and arithmetic have plunged drastically in 2011 compared to 2010.
This news report is closely related to the one about education in Namibia published just a couple of days back in ‘The Guardian’, UK. Forcing a foreign language by suppressing of the regional tongue can never fetch better results. Ask any educationist.
Up to 30 languages are spoken in Namibia, 14 of which have a full orthography (system of writing), but in 1990, when the country gained independence from South Africa, Afrikaans, which had functioned as a lingua franca, was jettisoned in favour of English.
Harris points to higher success rates of school students in South Africa and Botswana, two of Namibia’s neighbours where children learn in their home language.
DO READ the analysis of the present Indian Society and its psyche made by a foreigner. Most of us would agree (at least in theory, if not in practice) with his analysis of the ’Modern Indian Society’. It talks about the corruption in our actions as well as thoughts and principles and how it has pervaded all the spheres of our life including cricket, sports, advertisements, Bollywood, industry, taxation and many other matters of our day to day life. Just read on…
“Shri Ram being the most basic to Indian “ethos”, it is necessary to know who is Shri Ram? Was he really born? If yes, when and where? As is believed by crores of people did he really put his feet on the Indian territory from North to South, reducing the sufferings of mankind and ensuring victory of good over evil? Let us take a look at historical facts.”
“While Marathi has long been used at the consumer court, a judgment by the State Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission on Monday has now made it the only acceptable language for seeking even the most basic ‘daad’, or relief.”
“But the moment I stepped in India I felt that there was nothing much that I could give to India, rather it was India which was bestowing me.”
“— but many of the institutions are crumbling in the West: two out of three marriages end in divorce, kids shoot each other, parents are not cared for in their old age, depression is rampant and Westerners are actually looking for answers elsewhere, in India notably.”
“One does not understand this craze to Westernise India at all costs, while discarding its ancient values.”
“And unlike China, it (India) always looks to the West for a solution to its problems.”
Maharashtra was the crucible of political activism and social reforms from the late 19th century till the 1950s. That tradition of reform has been ignored.
The more I read and researched, I was sure Maharashtra had contributed to social and political reforms much more than any other part of the country.
“We seem to have come to think that no one can hope to be like Bose unless he knows English. I cannot conceive a grosser superstition than this. No Japanese feels so helpless as we seem to do….
The cancer has so eaten into the society that in many cases the only meaning of education is ‘Knowledge of English’. All these are for me, signs of our slavery and degradation. It is unbearable to me that the vernaculars should be crushed and starved as they have been.”
The High Court has also ruled that the decision of the State to cancel all the proposals seeking permission to start “Marathi medium” schools by issuing an order on the premise that such proposals can be considered only after the enforcement of the perspective plan, is “illegal and unconstitutional being discriminatory and arbitrary and also suffers from the vice of non-application of mind”.
“We must, at present, do our best to form a class, who may be interpreters between us and the millions whom we govern; a class of persons, Indian in blood and colour, but English in taste, in opinions, in morals, and in intellect.” – Said Lord Macaulay 175 years ago. Unfortunately, Macaulay’s Legacy in India still continues.
काहीही कारण न देता केवळ मराठी माध्यमाच्या नवीन शाळा किंवा पुढील इयत्ता उघडण्यास बंदी घालणार्या मात्र त्याचबरोबर इंग्रजी, हिंदी, गुजराथी, कानडी शाळांना मात्र तत्परतेने मान्यता देणार्या महाराष्ट्र शासनाला उच्च न्यायालयाच्या औरंगाबाद खंडपीठाने आणखी एक थप्पड लगावली आहे. “राज्य शासनाचा २० जुलै २००९ चा आक्षेप घेतला गेलेला निर्णय अवैध, भेदभाव करणारा असल्यामुळे घटनाबाह्य आणि मनमानी तसेच अविचारीपणाने केलेला आहे.” (८ एप्रिल २०१०)
The State Government of Maharashtra, which had cancelled all the proposals for opening new schools or adding new classes of Marathi medium, while readily permitting opening of schools in English, Hindi, Gujarati, Kannada etc., has received another slap in the face from the Aurangabad bench of the High Court. The decision of the State reflected in the Government Resolution dated 20th July, 2009, is illegal and unconstitutional being discriminatory and arbitrary and also suffers from the vice of nonapplication of mind. (8 April 2010)
Quotes on India & Indian Knowledge System: For us Indians to buoy over our diffidence and inferiority complex.
The objectve of this compilation is to awaken the self confidence of the capable Indians and encourage them to engage themselves in some serious endeavours leading to some important and fundamental contribution to the world of science, art, culture, philosophy etc.
ब्रिटनचे भूतपूर्व पंतप्रधान सर विन्स्टन चर्चिल यांनी स्वतंत्र भारताला उल्लेखून केलेली खालील भविष्यवाणी बरीच प्रसिद्ध आहे. चर्चिल यांचा भारत देश, भारतीय संस्कृती व भारतीय लोक यांच्याबद्दलचा तिरस्कार व तुच्छतेची भावना त्यातून दिसून येते. हे उद्गार आपल्या दृष्टीने कितीही निंदनीय असले तरी आपणा भारतीयांपैकी बर्याच जणांनी मात्र ते सत्यात उतरविण्याचे फार गंभीरपणे मनावर घेतलेले दिसते आहे.